What is acne?

If you’ve developed a skin problems involving blackheads, blemishes, whiteheads or a pimple under skin, there’s a good chance you have a case of severe acne, pustular acne, or acne vulgaris (akne vulgaris). Acne is caused by dead skins cells and oil clogging your skin pores creating inflammation. There are various forms from very mild cases which consist of just few red spots or a cyst pimple to very severe cases. This would include the entire face, chest, neck and severe back acne can be covered by hundreds of cystic pimple. The more severe cases tend to be very painful both physically and psychologically.

What age group does acne affect?

Most commonly acne is prevalent among teens and gradually get better. However, adult acne problems have been associated especially with females during puberty or before their menstrual periods. Common akne (acne vulgaris) is the type most associated with this age group. Fortunately there have been great strides in combating the very bad acne problem and keeping it under control.

Facial AcneWhat causes acne?

The simple explanation for the root cause of acne is that your pores become clogged with oil and

dead skin cells. As the oil production gradually increase so does the clogging of the follicular openings (pores). This causes a reaction by the hair follicle which becomes enlarges and forms a bump. If the wall of the bump ruptures, bacteria is leaked onto the layers of the skin which can cause additional irritation. One may also see the bacteria access deeper layers of the skin with the end result being swelling, redness, and pus.

Most severe acne occurs at puberty when sebaceous (oil) glands attached to the hair follicles are stimulated at the time of puberty by elevated levels of male hormones. Sebum (oil) is a natural substance which lubricates and protects the skin.

Along with the irritation and spreading of the bacteria comes the formation of the acne images of the  pustule near the skin’s surface. The term pimple is derive from papule (acne pustules) or a deeper inflammation. A “whitehead” is created as the sebum (oil) breaks through to the surface. A blackhead is created as the oil becomes oxidized and accumulates melanin pigment. Teens can usually experience severe pimples on face for an extended period of time.

Contrary to popular theory, there is no relationship between “blackheads” and dirt or cleanliness. Which is why this condition is more of a hormonal problem than other theories.

There have been corroborated studies showing that the ingestion of some types of foods can accelerate akne. Additionally, it can run in families although there are conflicting studies as to it being hereditary. There have been numerous reports that teens and adults with severe pimples face not only physical but psychological issues.

What are the symptoms of acne?

Symptoms include whiteheads, blackheads,boil, and pimples. These can occur on the face, neck, shoulders, back, or chest. Cystic lesions are of the more serious type and are found to be much larger and deeper. Infection and scarring of the skin can also occur but it is dependent upon the severity of the case.

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