Facts about Enzymes



Understanding how enzymes work can open your eyes to just exactly how the human body works.

What is an enzyme?

It can be as easy as working on your computer. So, you wake up each morning and turn on the computer and wait for it to reboot. As the windows operating system loads it takes you to a screen that asks you for your password.

Understand the importance of enzymes, consider theses enzyme facts!

Enter the enzyme! You need a password to get inside your computer. Enzymes are password protected and the compounds they work with are the passwords.  You see enzymes are proteins or biological substances with complex relationships involving your cells. Each compound has a special password that unlocks the door for an enzyme to go to work.

Now, there are neural cells, intestinal cells, and saliva. And the purpose of each and every enzyme is to enable these cells to accentuate chemical reactions very fast.  This action is how cells grow and reproduce. The enzymatic reaction cause cells to either build or tear down as needed.

Did you know that each cell in your body is comprised of chemical reactions? Enzymes in the human body have the key or password to cause these reactions.

What are amino acids? In short amino acids are proteins and each enzyme is formed by multiple amino acids.

Do you remember in chemistry class pictures of chains referring to amino acids? That unique shape is comprised of 100 to 1,000 amino acids each in a specific order and shape.

Enzymes then carry out their mission, the chemical reaction, based upon the shape of the amino acid. It’s considered a great catalyst for increasing the speed of the chemical reaction.

Some enzymes have the ability to pair atoms and molecules. The process of tearing the molecules apart and rebuilding them is the primary responsibility of enzymes. Each specific enzyme relates to a specific chemical reaction in order for the cells to work efficiently.

Did you know there are four steps in the working process of an enzyme?

1. Enzymes and substrates are located in the same area. Substrates are referred to as the molecules that enzymes attack.

2. In the initial stages of the process, the enzyme locks onto the substrate using a process called the active site. The active site is so names because it’s formed to fit around the substrate and is developed by the enzyme. Back to our example, the active site could be referred to as the form you type the password into.

3. Next, the catalysis occurs to cause a change to the substrate. It could change in one of two ways: broken down or forming a new molecule when combined with an existing molecule.

4. The finals steps is the when the enzymes release and get ready for another chemical reaction. When this occurs the substrate has changed and is now referred to as the products.

So, how does this play into the human body, skin care, health and nutrition. Our health is affected simply by what we put into it. Understanding enzymes, enzyme inhibitors, enzymes in food, and enzyme deficiency can help provide the answers to many health and nutrition questions.

Enzyme research continues to be important in our overall health. If we take in the proper doses of vitamins and minerals, we’re healthy. If not, we have problems.