There has been a lot of talk about peptides recently and their positive effects on skin care.

Just for the record, I’ve been telling people, clients, and the general public about how peptides have a positive effect on anti aging, age spots, eczema, psoriasis, and really most aspects of skin.

I’m glad to see the rest of the skin care industry finally jumped on board!

peptidesSo what are peptides and why are they so powerful?

If you remember back to high school chemistry class or maybe physics, you probably studied the amino acids. Simply put, peptides are short chains of amino acids. And, what makes them so powerful is that amino acids are the building blocks of protein and many other organic molecules.

You’ve probably got the picture now!

When our digestive systems kicks in an starts breaking down the proteins in the human body, peptides then offer themselves up to the bloodstream which readily absorbs them. No, wonder they are important to skin care because blood flows the three key components of the skin: the dermis, the epidermis, and the subcutaneous fat layers.

Now, here’s a further breakdown of each of the key components of peptides and what they’re main responsibility is!

Amino Acids

Essential for creating the proteins responsible for the activity of the cell and its structure, amino acids are consumed by the human body because they are necessary for life. Peptide synthesis begins with and amino acids are the starting point.

Peptide Bond

A bond is the joining of to entities and a peptide bond is no different. Two amino acids joining together become a peptide bond.  In this case long peptides are formed by the carboxylic acid and nitrogen ends of the amino acid chains. This peptide structure is planar with flexibility enabling it to fold.

Primary Peptide Structure

Now that we know that amino acids from a peptide, it makes sense that this is done in a sequential pattern referred to as the primary peptide structure. These primary structures have the responsibility to determine the way a peptide folds and creates protein.

Secondary Peptide Structure   

The secondary peptide structure consists of three distinct forms; pleated sheets, globular and coils.

Have you ever noticed a picture of an amino acid?

It has many twists and winding patterns. The process of winding within a peptide determines its responsibility and also the creation of a specific kind of protein.

Pleated sheets tend to form formations that zig-zag back and forth in a pack closely together.

A helical formation is the end product of the coils that twist and rotate in a circle. Coils are twists that rotate in a circle forming a helical structure.

Proteins that fold in many shaped and directions are called globular structures.

Peptides and Proteins

This is where the magic begins as peptides that have graduated past their primary and secondary structure now fold into the protein that is three dimensional. The proteins function is determined by the folding.

Have you ever heard of sickle cell anemia?

This is a disease caused by a problem in the peptide formation and abnormal red blood cells.

Many peptides can also perform as hormones, neurotransmitters and as natural pain relievers.

So, what everyone wants to know is what do peptides actually do?

Peptides are a widely variable group of molecules. There are four essential peptides used in skin care products: acetyl hexapeptide-3, palmitoyl pentapeptide-3, palmitoyl oligopeptide and copper peptides.

Acetyl Hexapeptide-3

Want to relax the facial wrinkles or facial lines, that’s what Acetyl Hexapeptide-3 is for. It treats the same wrinkles as your botox injections. Peptides offer the ability to cover a larger portion of the facial area as opposed to botox injections.

Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3

If you’re looking for additional collagen production, then the palmitoyl pentapeptide-3 is the one. It has the capability to go deep into the inner layers of the skin. Palmitoyl pentapeptide-3 has also been found to work wonders on cuts, brusises, and wound healing.

Palmitoyl oligopeptide

This peptide works hand-in-hand with palmitoyl pentapeptide-3, this member of the peptides stimulates the synthesis of collagen and hyaluronic acid in the dermis of the  skin. Palmitoyl oligopeptide also provides an additional benefit which is protection from UV rays.

Copper peptides

This group of peptides is beneficial in the healing nature of wound care. The copper molecule it houses releases its power to positively affect rejuvenation of tissue, but is also positive internal effects with the stomach lining, bones, and intestines as well as skin.

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