What is Neurodermatitis?

Neurodermatitis, also referred to as lichen simplex chronicus, is a condition where the nerve endings of the skin become so irritated that excessive scratching and itching occurs. Insect bites and emotional stress are the two most prevalent causes of the lichen simplex.

What people are more prone to contracting neurodermatitis?

This form of eczema is normally found the middle age people, between ages 30 to 50. Females are more prone to lichen simplex chronicus than males. It has also been found to be associated with other medical conditions, which include:

  • Psoriasis
  • Allergic contact dermatitis or irritant contact dermatitis
  • Individuals with atopic problems like atopic dermatitis, asthma or hay fever
  • People who have psoriasis, allergic contact dermatitis, or irritant contact dermatitis

Neuro dermatitis causes

Scientists have yet to find the exact cause of this problem, however, there are a number of trigger points that have been associated with the lichen simplex chronicus condition, this includes:

  • Clothing worn tightly and made of synthetic fabric or wool
  • Dry skin
  • These triggers are less frequesnt but could result in a neurodermatitis attack:
  • Exhaust from traffic (long-term exposure)
  • Exposure to allergens and skin irritants (i.e.hair sprays or dyes)
  • Heat exposure
  • Insect bites
  • Prolonged periods of intense stress or emotional trauma
  • Lack of adequate blood flow or poor circulation
  • Keloid scars

Signs and Symptoms of Neurodermatitis

  • Intensely itchy skin that is usually itchiest when the person is resting or relaxing.neurodermatitis
  • Once the skin is scratched, a vicious itch-scratch-itch cycle develops. The more the skin is scratched, rubbed, or even touched, the more it itches. The itch can become so intense that it disrupts sleep.
  • Develops on any area of the body the person can scratch or rub. Most commonly appears on the lower legs, ankles, back and sides of the neck, wrists, forearms, and genitals.
  • Constant itch causes nervous tension (anxiety) in some patients.
  • Often develops on skin previously affected by an outbreak of atopic dermatitis or contact dermatitis (two common types of eczema) or psoriasis.

How Is Neurodermatitis Diagnosed?

If you suspect any type of skin problem or skin disorder, consult your doctor, skin specialist or dermatologist immediately. Neurodermatitis can present itself with other common skin conditionsm like eczema and psoriasis.

1. These are the common procedures utilized in the diagnosis of neurodermatitis:

2. Visually examining the skin.

3. Performing a skin biopsy and removing or sectioning the problem area of skin to be microscopically evaluated.

4. Utilizing a patch test will confirm the presence of an allergic reaction.

Neurodermatitis Treatment

Because this condition is accompanied by excessive itching and scratching, the objective of treatment is to eliminate this reaction. The following are know treatments that have been prescribed by a physician:

1. Topical corticosteroid to reduce inflammation and alleviate the itch.

2. Topical antibiotics can fight infection in the event a breakage of the skin has occurred from the scatching.

3. Oral antibiotic are a more powerful medication to eliminate any secondary infection.

4. Topical keratolytic is preparation containing urea, salicylic acid, or lactic acid that can help in the reduction of thick skin.

In severe cases, doctors have prescribed a sedative or tranquillizer. This is used in cases of severe anxiety to induce sleep.

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What is Dermatitis Herpetiformis?

Dermatitis Herpetiformis, otherwise referred to as Duhrings Disease or Dermatitis herpetiformis Duhrings Disease, is a chronic form of eczema comprised of rashes, bumps, lesions, and blisters. This condition is rare in children under the age of 10 but begins to manifest itself with individuals in their 20’s or 30’s. Studies also show that males have a 2-to-1 chance of getting this condition that females.

The culprit is a “gluten filled” diet! Sometime dermatitis herptiformis is referred to as a gluten rash (because of gluten sensitivity in the small bowel) or even a celiac disease rash. Studies have shown many people with this problem also have celiac disease or are asymptomatic of it.

Should you suspect this problem, immediately see your physician for celiac testing.dermatitis herpetiformis

Dermatitis Herpetiformis Symptoms:

This is one of the most annoying exema conditions that an individual can experience. IT is highlighted by extreme itching. The locations that herpetiformis is usually found include the elbows, knees, buttocks, lower back and the back of the neck.

As far as the actual formation of the lesions, bumps, and blisters, the rash that is associated normally has both the same size and shape. The skin has a tendency to become red and inflamed. People have reported burning sensation prior to or in the early stages of a breakout.

The rash itself usually includes pimples (similar to acne but not related) and skin that is red and inflamed containing a clear liquid.

The dermatitis herpetiformis bumps typically result in small purple marks that continue for weeks to months before eventually disappearing. The healing time is normally a few days but a person could experience a new batch of small bumps during that time.

How do you tell if you’ve got dermatitis herpetiformis?

If you have a condition similar to this you need to see a physician immediately. The doctor can use one of two test, a skin biopsy or a direct immunofluorescence test of the afflicted area. Because many people having this problem are prone to celiac disease, your physician could recommend an intestinal biopsy.

What is the recommended Dermatitis Herpetiformis treatment?

In most instances, physicians will prescribe dapsone (used to trat skin infections and leprosy). This is a powerful antibiotic. However, there are long term side effects that accompany it.

Many people find that undertaking a lifestyle change to a gluten-free diet may actually allow them to avoid taking dapsone. In some cases where these two processes have not work, immune-suppressive medications have been used.

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 References:

Dermatitis Herpetiformis Pictures:

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dermatitis herpetiformis

What is discoid dermatitis or nummular eczema?

discoid dermatitisIn this article we are going to look at discoid eczema which can also be referred to as nummular eczema, or nummular dermatitis. You’ll be able to reference what is eczema, what causes discoid dermatitis, what the symptoms of discoid dermatitis are, how to diagnose it, and how to treat discoid dermatitis.

This non-contagious problem is an inflammation of the skin that manifests itself in the form of a rash. Generally affecting the lower extremities but mostly the lower legs, hands, and forearms, discoid dermatitis can work its way to other areas of the human body.

The rash can be extremely itchy and uncomfortable as evidenced by the red coin shaped sores that accompany it. The round or oval plaques, made of tiny raised red spots and scaling on a red base, have well defined edges.  The sores can either be raised or have well defined edges and grow to be a few millimeters or a few centimeters in size. This can be a long term problem or one that rears its head on an ongoing basis.

Individuals with discoid or nummular exema have the capacity to develop additional secondary skin infections or other forms of dermatitis.

The main reason the term nummular is used in this type of exzema is because the sores tend to be round or coin like, with the Latin term nummus referring to being coin like.

What causes discoid dermatitis?

While its exact cause is not known, discoid eczema has been linked to allergies. It can be triggered by insect bite, other skin problems, interferon treatment the Hepatitus virus.

Discoid dermatitis symptoms?

Symptoms of discoid eczema are more frequently reported to doctors during the winter months, when indoor humidity levels are lower.

Although discoid eczema symptoms can occur at any age, they are more commonly seen in males in their 60s and 70s.

There is also a lesser peak during the teen years to mid 20s. Discoid eczema is extremely rare in children.

Diagnosing discoid dermatitis

Your doctor should be able to observe the signs and symptoms of the problem to make an accurate diagnosis. In some extreme case, you could be referred to a dermatologist or skin specialist.

Usually, the doctor will take some samples of any lesions for analysis. This is done to check for any tinea. Ringworm has a tendency to present itself with similar signs to discoid dermatitis. There is always the possibility for secondary infections given any open sores or lesions, usually, the physician will swab for this.

Normally, there are no biopsies required.

How is discoid dermatitis treated?

The good news is that using proper treatment, nummular dermatitis is easily eradicated. Please be aware, that if your skin lesions exist on the lower extremities such as the legs, it could take longer to heal and you may have scars. The treatment plan for nummular eczema consists of:

Further injury to the skin must be avoided

The skin must be kept hydrated. Taking luke warm baths or showers once a day and the applying a moisturizer to the skin while it is still damp will help alleviate the problem. Bath oil is also a good alternative.

Any over-the-counter medications should be followed as directed. Follow physicians instructions on any prescribed medications.

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What is stasis dermatitis?

If you notice a person’s skin becoming weak, thin, and discolored chances are they may have one of the nine forms of eczema called stasis dermatitis or venous eczema. This condition largely affects a person’s legs.

Stasis dermatitis is also referred to as varicose eczema and is actually a venuos disease. It is usually is accompanied by a form of eczema referred to as stasis dermatitis (other names include gravitational eczema, gravitational dermatitis, or varicose eczema).

What are some of the symptoms of stasis dermatitis?

The symptoms include red spots or lesions which are not ope and accompanied by some swelling. stasis dermatitisAround the lower leg area and ankles, you may also notice the skin has become thicker in texture looking similar to that of an ankle sprain.

The inflammation can also lead to skin irritation and itchiness which are the tell tale signs of stasis dermatitis (egzema). This problems is a rash of the lower legs caused primarily by a poor return of blood to the heart. The normal symptoms include a red rash on the lower leg or ankle areas accompanied by some swelling and pain. The skin can also become scaly and may ooze, crust or even crack.

What age group of people does stasis dermatitis normally attack?

This problem usually is found among elderly people that begin to experience blood circulation problems. Interestingly, women are more affected than men.

This is normally the result of some problems affecting the valves in the veins which causing a pooling of blood. Thus, the tissue in this area develops back pressure along with fluid retention.

Stasis dermatitis affects 15-20 million people over the age of 50.

Does stasis dermatitis affect both legs?

No, stasis dermatitis (venous eczema) can affect only one leg and normally is accompanied by varicose veins. These are blood vessels that no longer functions properly and become twisted, swollen or injured to the point that they turn dark blue or even purple in color. Another significant characteristic of varicose veins is pooling of the blood. Severe exema may also affect the same leg due to the inadequate blood flow to that limb.

Treatment of stasis dermatitis

Current treatment for venous eczema is broken up into two areas; treatment of the swelling and treatment for the dermatitis.

Treatment for the swelling and reducing pressure in the venous system

  1. Don’t stand for long periods.
  2. Take regular walks.
  3. Elevate your feet when sitting. The goal here is to improve circulation to the legs if they’re swollen. To be effective, your feet should be elevated above your hips.
  4. Use bed lifters to elevate the foot of your bed overnight.
  5. Wear special graduated compression stockings or even compression boots for the long term.
  6. Horse chestnut extract appears to be of benefit for at least some patients with venous disease.
  7. Placing the feet on a body vibration plate can help increase circulation in the legs. Read many more health and wellness benefits of Body Vibration Plates and an excellent  wholesale price at Hollywood Beauty Secrets.

Treatment for the stasis dermatitis

  1. If you develop oozing patches of skin, the can be dried up potassium permanganate or dilute vinegar on gauze as compresses.
  2. If you develop a secondary infection, oral antibiotics such as flucloxacillin could be utilized.
  3. Apply a prescribed low-topical steroid to help reduce inflammation. Apply daily and start with a potent steroid cream directly to the patches until they have flattened out. Once you notice improvement, graduate to a steroid cream like hydrocortisone until the itchy patches have been eliminated. Another type of ointment that has shown promise is coal tar ointment.
  4. Keep the skin on the legs smooth and soft by using a moisturizing cream
  5. Avoid scratching of itching because it will inflame and make the dermatitis worse
  6. Protect your skin from injury because this can result in infection or ulceration.

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The following lice treatment can be used on the three types of lice:

1. Different skin types mean that if you plan on using over-the-counter medications, please be sure to read the instructions carefully. Never get the medication near your eyes. For severe cases, contact your physician immediately. Also, common sense and home remedies for lice can prevent the problem for manifesting.

2. Towel dry or wash the lice infested areas

3. For medications including lice shampoo, use according to the instructions and completely saturate pubic hair, scalp, or other lice infested areas. Do not remove the medication for hair before the recommended time frame as you will not receive the full benefit of the medication. Following the instructions, remove medication exactly as described.

4. Nits have a tendency to attach themselves to the hair shaft, however, following the lice treatments, they can be removed by fine tooth comb, lice comb, or by your fingernails.

5. Always completely change you entire wardrobe and put on clean clothes and underwear followinglice treatment a treatment.

6. Machine wash your clothes thoroughly using soap.and hot water (at least 130°F) and the hot dryer cycle. Also wash any towels, bed linens, and other garments that could have been infested.

Plastic bags should be used to store all items that cannot be washed or dry cleaned.  Store for a minimum of two weeks as this is the amount of time needed for any lice (louse) to completely die after being detached from the host.

7. Anyone whom you have had sexual activity with in the previous 30 days should be contacted and informed of the problem. Avoid any sexual activity until the problem has been completely eradicated.

8. If on any follow up checks live lice or nits are found, repeat the exact same process for an additional 10-14 days.

9. Per the article on pubic lice, anyone with pubic lice or genital lice should be checked for a sexually transmitted disease (SDS).

10. For treating lice detected in the eyes or eyebrow areas, you can remove these by hand or by using a lice comb. Make use of ophthalmic-grade petrolatum ointment (only available by prescription) to the eyelid margins 2-4 times a day for 10 days if needed.

The best lice prevention and treatment of lice is using common sense and person hygiene.

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lice treatment