Interesting things about your skin and the human body!

You’re sitting at home watching the television and up pops Jeopardy. You know, this question and answer show has been on forever. It’s still got the same cast of characters. So you settle back in your easy chair for the next 30 minutes to test your knowledge.

Up pop the categories one-by-one and there it is…..The Human Body.

The first contestant dives right in and goes for “The Human Body for $200”. And the answer is “the largest organ on the human body”. A deafening silence puts the audience on pins and needles and then someone buzzes in with the question…..

“What is the skin?”  Correct!

What’s the largest organ on the human body?

Your skin! Did you really know that?

But do most people really know your skin has many different jobs. Like it weighs between six to nine pounds and covers nearly two square yards of space. But that’s not all your skin has to offer.

How about this? Your skin is the number one line of defense in your sensation of hot and cold. There are millions of nerve endings in your skin that transmit data to your brain for you to decipher. Your sense of touch is all directly related to your skin.

Have you ever heard of bacteria and infection?

Skin diagram

Skin diagram

Your skin also has the job of providing protection against both of those bad boys. The skin acts as a thermostat for  body temperature. When you’re running a temperature or having flu like symptoms chances are something has gone a foul with your outer layer of protection, the skin.

It’s no wonder the skin care industry is so massive.  With all the different varieties of skin conditions people have there’s an endless opportunity for companies to provide skin care treatments as the solutions to those problems.

How about the Human Body for $150?

And the answer is “the outer most layer of the skin on the Human Body.”

And the answer is “what is the epidermis?”

Take a look down at your feet or hands. You’re looking at the epidermis. Remember those scrapes you got when falling off your bike. Chances are you injured the epidermis. It’s hard at work 24/7 even while we sleep. It continually regenerates new cells which make the long trip to the surface of your skin. This trip takes anywhere from two weeks to two months?

Have you ever wondered where the dead skin cells are? Take a look at your skin, it’s loaded with them.  When you shower or bath and wash your skin with the washcloth, you’re helping the new skin cells finish their journey by removing the dead skin cells from your body.  In skin care terms, you’ve just exfoliated your skin, although you may not really know it!

The epidermis is also the home to your sweat glands otherwise known as your pores. Did you know that we sweat all the time and that sweat exits through the pores?

Hey, let’s try “the Human Body for $100”.

The answer is “the layer directly under the Epidermis on the Human Body”.

The answer is “what is the dermis?”

Well, if you want to see your dermis, it could be a painful experience. You see, it’s the layer directly under the epidermis and contains all the nerve endings, blood vessels, oil glands, and sweat glands. The dermis also is home to two tough and stretchy guys called collagen and elastin.

diagram of the skin

diagram of the skin – dermis

So, if you really want to look at the dermis, you’re going to have to make an incision…not a good idea. But, it’s one we all experience in our lifetime. Your nerve endings will send you the message that the dermis is open for viewing. You may also see a bit of red fluid coming from it, otherwise referred to as your blood because you’ve cut yourself.

So now we know our sense of touch is related to the dermis. It’s the proud owner of tons of blood vessels. These blood vessels have two important jobs. First, they deliver oxygen and nutrients to the skin to keep it healthy. Second, they can also act as a garbage truck by hauling away waste.

Now, here’s a less painful way to check out the dermis. Pay a visit to grandma and grandpa and take a look at their skin. As we age, our skin gets a bit thinner and translucent so you can actually get a picture of the dermis from older people.

The dermis is also responsible for keeping your skin lubricated and moist because it houses the oil glands. The sebaceous glands manufacture the skin’s own oil which not only lubricates it but also keeps it from absorbing too much water.  The oil your skin produces is called sebum.

Any idea what the third layer of your skin is?

That would be the subcutaneous fat. It’s a protective layer of fat that acts as a shock absorber for the human body.  It also provides warmth to our bodies.

Makes you kind of wonder how much subcutaneous fat do bears have when they hibernate?

The subcutaneous fat is also the garden which sprouts your hair follicles. The roots are embedded in the subcutaneous fat and each hair follicle sprouts up right through the dermis and out the epidermis until its visible to the human eye.

Did you know some people have over 100,000 hair follicles on their heads alone?

What makes your hair shine?

Other articles about your skin that you might enjoy!


human body.

What is discoid dermatitis or nummular eczema?

discoid dermatitisIn this article we are going to look at discoid eczema which can also be referred to as nummular eczema, or nummular dermatitis. You’ll be able to reference what is eczema, what causes discoid dermatitis, what the symptoms of discoid dermatitis are, how to diagnose it, and how to treat discoid dermatitis.

This non-contagious problem is an inflammation of the skin that manifests itself in the form of a rash. Generally affecting the lower extremities but mostly the lower legs, hands, and forearms, discoid dermatitis can work its way to other areas of the human body.

The rash can be extremely itchy and uncomfortable as evidenced by the red coin shaped sores that accompany it. The round or oval plaques, made of tiny raised red spots and scaling on a red base, have well defined edges.  The sores can either be raised or have well defined edges and grow to be a few millimeters or a few centimeters in size. This can be a long term problem or one that rears its head on an ongoing basis.

Individuals with discoid or nummular exema have the capacity to develop additional secondary skin infections or other forms of dermatitis.

The main reason the term nummular is used in this type of exzema is because the sores tend to be round or coin like, with the Latin term nummus referring to being coin like.

What causes discoid dermatitis?

While its exact cause is not known, discoid eczema has been linked to allergies. It can be triggered by insect bite, other skin problems, interferon treatment the Hepatitus virus.

Discoid dermatitis symptoms?

Symptoms of discoid eczema are more frequently reported to doctors during the winter months, when indoor humidity levels are lower.

Although discoid eczema symptoms can occur at any age, they are more commonly seen in males in their 60s and 70s.

There is also a lesser peak during the teen years to mid 20s. Discoid eczema is extremely rare in children.

Diagnosing discoid dermatitis

Your doctor should be able to observe the signs and symptoms of the problem to make an accurate diagnosis. In some extreme case, you could be referred to a dermatologist or skin specialist.

Usually, the doctor will take some samples of any lesions for analysis. This is done to check for any tinea. Ringworm has a tendency to present itself with similar signs to discoid dermatitis. There is always the possibility for secondary infections given any open sores or lesions, usually, the physician will swab for this.

Normally, there are no biopsies required.

How is discoid dermatitis treated?

The good news is that using proper treatment, nummular dermatitis is easily eradicated. Please be aware, that if your skin lesions exist on the lower extremities such as the legs, it could take longer to heal and you may have scars. The treatment plan for nummular eczema consists of:

Further injury to the skin must be avoided

The skin must be kept hydrated. Taking luke warm baths or showers once a day and the applying a moisturizer to the skin while it is still damp will help alleviate the problem. Bath oil is also a good alternative.

Any over-the-counter medications should be followed as directed. Follow physicians instructions on any prescribed medications.

Here are some other articles about eczema you may enjoy reading:




Read this short story about crows feet, does it sound familiar?

You wake up one morning and take a look in the mirror and catch a glimpse of these lines starting to appear around the corner of your eyes.

In a panic, you head to the internet to do some research.  Google is the main search engine of choice and you type is a phrase like “wrinkles on edges of eyes” and end up at this website, SkinCareByLouisa. There you find out the dreaded “crows feet” might be creeping up on you.

By doing some additional research you find the term crows feet relates to the multiple wrinkles which deepen over time and expand out from the corners of you eyes. They’re called crows feet because they appear like “the many toes of a crow.” But crows feet aren’t limited to the eyes, check out your cheeks, brow and forehead, they’re great candidates for crows feet also.

If you’ve got fine lines and wrinkles that start expanding from the corner of your eyes, than most likely crows feet is the answer. The good news is this condition is completely manageable with a little

crows feet

What are crows feet?

work and a dose of preventative medicine.

And, even better news is that crows feet is a sign of age.

What causes crows feet?

Are you a sun lover?

How many hours do you spend in the sun during the day?

It’s pretty obvious from the above questions that exposure to the sun must be a major contributing factor to the development of fine lines and wrinkles on the corners of your eyes.

Did you know that sunlight has a tendency to cause people to squint which promotes the formation of crows feet? It also causes facial wrinkles to form in other areas besides the corners of the eyes.

So, preventative tip number one to get rid of crows feet would be to limit the amount of exposure to sunlight. Now, if that’s not possible because of your occupation, then sunscreen to keep the epidermis of the skin hydrated needs to be incorporated into your routine. Additionally, make sure you wear some type of hat, preferably a wide brimmed hat to control the exposure to sunlight and reduce the effects of sun damaged skin.

Are you a smoker?

Not only is smoking a health risk factor but it’s also been known to contribute to the formation of crows feet due to squinting of the eye. The main reason behind this are the airborn irritants passed off from the burning of tobacco and the smoke byproduct.

What type of skin care routines do you have?

Individuals are more likely to develop a case of crows feet if they have either no skin care routine or a routine that is inconsistent.

So what’s the best crows feet treatment?

Eye creams –  you only need to search the internet to find a ton of products developed to control crows feet. Make sure your product is paraben free. You can visit Hollywood Beauty Secrets for what I believe are the best eye cream for crows feet and what I recommend to my clients.

Red Light Therapy – we’ve had great success with LED Light Therapy for controlling and eliminating crows feet. Light therapy is used along with a good skin care regimen but the results have been outstanding. Plus, it’s non-invasive and can be done in little time right in the comfort of your home.

Make sure you visit my DPL Therapy System page for more information and the lowest price on the web!

These are my two recommendations on how to get rid of crows feet. They work and they’re safe!

Now, there is another remedy but it will involve botox injections. It’s a quick fix and it lasts for months but you’ll need to be prepared for the cost factor also because it can get pricey.


Here are some articles for you to enjoy reading:

Look and Feel Your Best On Any Budget: Copyright 2007,2011 Louisa Maccan Graves
Beauty Recipes and Tips That Really Work” Copyright 2007,2011 Louisa Maccan Graves
Hollywood Beauty Secrets Remedies To the Rescue: Copyright 2007,2011 Louisa Maccan Graves

crows feet

New lice shampoo Sklice poised to fight head lice!

The FDA approved the newest product used to treat head lice in early February 2012. Sklice Lotion is the newest head lice shampoo. This prescription medication is recommended for ages from 6 months an older.

Lice are found on the scalp and in clothing. They are small insects that feed off a person’s blood. They cause severe itching from the saliva they inject into the scalp. The saliva of a louse is also know to prevent clotting in the adjacent areas of the scalp.

Sklice is a manufactured product of Sanofi, a French company. The company tested Skilce with more than 780 individuals. Results showed that after 14 days, most of those who had been infested with

New lice shampoo sklice targets head lice

New lice shampoo sklice targets head lice

lice did not need the daily combing to remove the nits. Additional data showed that the Sklice lotion groups had a larger number of individual that were louse free.

Ivermectin is the key ingredient in the Sklice Lotion. Ivermectin, a member of the avermectin class, attacks the muscle cells and invertebrate nerves of the parasite. The end result is an all out paralysis and attack of the parasite eventually resulting in death. Ivermectin has been most notably used in the treatment of worm infections for close to 20 years because of its  anti-parasitic characteristics.

For more technical medical information about Sklice and ivermectin, click this link.

How to use Sklice:

  • Usage of SKLICE Lotion should be identical to any other prescription medication. Follow your physicians instruction.
  • All bedding, garments, and undergarments should be washed in hot water. This also includes hats, towels, and bedding.
  • Combs, brushes, and other hair items should be washed in hot water and disinfectant soap.
  • Dead lice and eggs can still be eradicated via a nit comb or fine tooth comb.

SKLICE Lotion is to be applied to hair that is dry. Use up to one tube and completely fill the entire hair and scalp. SKLICE Lotion is recommended to be left on the hair and scalp for a minimum of 10 minutes before rinsing.

Sklice can it irritate the eyes, so avoid contact with them.

The tube is intended for single use; discard any unused portion.

Adverse reactions to Sklice:

The most common adverse reactions included eye infection and irritation, dandruff and dry skin.

For more information, you might enjoy reading these additional articlesBe sure to read our article on lice treatment!



Federal Drug Administration



What is atopic dermatitis?

Atopic dermatitis (atopic eczema) is a kind of, often persistent (long-lasting) skin condition that will influences a large proportion of the world’s population. Additionally it is referred to as eczema, dermatitis, or even atopy. Most often, it could be considered to be a form of skin allergy or sensitivity.

The atopic dermatitis triad consists of asthma, allergies (hay fever), and eczema. There is also a recognized inherited element of the disease, and it is observed more in many households. The key points of the condition include skin rashes and irritation.

The word “dermatitis” signifies inflammation of the skin. “Atopic” describes diseases which are genetic, have a tendency to function within households, and frequently take place collectively.

In atopic dermatitis, the skin develops into incredibly itchy and inflamed, leading to redness, swelling, cracking, weeping, crusting, as well as scaling. Dry skin is a kind of problem and an underlying reason behind some of the common rash symptoms.

Although atopic dermatitis (atopic skin) can happen in almost any age, frequently it influences newborns (atopic dermatitis in infants) and young kids. In some circumstances, it could continue into adulthood or actually initially make an appearance later in life. Numerous individuals generally experience a long-term course with assorted ups and downs.

In many instances, you will find intervals when the condition is actually worse, referred to as exacerbations or flares, that can be accompanied by intervals when the epidermis improves or even clears up completely, referred to as remissions. Quite a few children with atopic dermatitis get into a permanent remission from the ailment once they age, even though their skin could continue to be relatively dehydrated and easily inflammed.

A number of factors can bring about or even aggravate atopic dermatitis, such as dermatitis, seasonal atopic dermatitisallergies, contact with severe soaps and detergents, brand new skin products or ointments, as well as cold weather. Ecological elements can easily trigger symptoms of atopic dermatitis at any time in the lifestyles of people that have passed down the atopic disease attribute.

Atopic dermatitis causes

Atopic dermatitis is caused by a hypersensitivity response (similar to an allergy) within the skin, which results in long-term inflammation and redness (inflammation) of the skin. Individuals with atopic dermititis could lack specific proteins in the skin, which results in more significant tenderness.

Atopic dermatitis in toddlers is incredibly widespread. It could commence as soon as age 2 to 6 months. Many individuals grow out of it by early adulthood.

Those with atopic dermatitis usually have asthma or periodic allergies. There exists  a family history of allergic ailments including asthma, hay fever, or eczema. Those that have atopic dermatitis frequently test positive to allergic reaction skin tests.

What are the atopic dermatitis symptoms?

Even though signs and symptoms can vary for every person, the most typical symptoms are dry, scratchy, red skin. Itchiness is the outstanding characteristic of the disorder. Typical impacted skin locations range from the folds of the arms, the back of the knees, wrists, face, and hands. Less frequently there could be breaks at the rear of the ears, as well as other skin breakouts about any area of the body.

The itchy sensation is a crucial element in atopic dermatitis, due to the fact scratching and rubbing responding to itching aggravate the skin inflammation which is a sign of this disease. Individuals with atopic dermatitis appear to be more responsive to itching and desire to scratch for a longer period in response.

They develop what is known as the “itch-scratch” cycle.

The extreme irritation of the skin brings about the individual to scratch, which often exacerbates the itch, and so on. Itching is especially an issue while asleep, when conscious management of scratching diminishes as well as the lack of additional outside stimuli helps make the irritation a lot more obvious.

Numerous sufferers additionally observe deteriorating of their itch in the early evening once they get home from work or school while there are less external stimuli to ensure that they’re entertained. When things in the home quiet down, the itchiness seems to become a lot more apparent.

How atopic dermatitis affects the skin may be transformed through patterns of scratching and ensuing skin infections. Many people with the condition produce red, scaling skin. This is because the body’s defense mechanisms from the epidermis becomes extremely activated.

Other people produce heavy as well as leathery skin because of constant scratching and rubbing. This problem is known as lichenification. And others acquire papules, or small raised bumps, on their epidermis. When the papules are scraped, they could open (excoriations) and grow crusty and infected.

However, atopic dermatitis is not caused by allergies. The condition worsens when exposed to certain triggers.

The following can make atopic dermatitis symptoms worse:

  • Allergies to pollen, mold, dust mites, or animals
  • Cold and dry air in the winter
  • Colds or the flu
  • Contact with irritants and chemicals
  • Contact with rough materials, such as wool
  • Dry skin
  • Emotions and stress
  • Exposure to too much water, such as taking too many baths or showers and swimming too often
  • Feeling too hot or too cold, as well as sudden temperature changes
  • Fragrances or dyes added to skin lotions or soaps

Atopic Dermatitis Treatment

  • Taking care of your skin at your home could decrease the dependence on drugs.
  • Prevent scratching the rash or epidermis:
  • Reduce the itch with a moisturizer, topical steroid cream, as well as other recommended cream and taking antihistamines to lessen serious irritation.
  • Keep your child’s finger nails cut short. Think about light gloves in the event that night time itching is a concern.
  • Keep the skin moist (referred to as lubricating or hydrating the skin). Use ointments (including petroleum jelly), creams, or lotions 2 – 3 times a day. Moisturizers ought to be without any alcohol, scents, dyes, fragrances, or other chemicals. A humidifier in the house may also help.
  • Stay away from whatever can make your problems more serious. This could consist of:
  • Foods like eggs ina a young child (always consult with your physician )
  • Irritants including wool and lanolin
  • Powerful soaps or cleaners, in addition to chemicals and solvents
  • Unexpected alterations in body temperature as well as tension, which could trigger perspiration and also intensify the problem
  • Triggers that create allergy symptoms
  • When washing or bathing:
  • Keep water contact as short as you can and make use of delicate body washes as well as skin cleansers as opposed to normal soaps. Short, cooler bathing tend to be much better then extended, very hot bathing.
  • Do not scrub or dry the skin too hard or for a long time.
  • Following washing, you should apply lubricating creams, lotions, or ointment on the epidermis even though it is damp. This helps trap moisture in

Other articles about eczema you may enjoy reading:


atopic dermatitis