What is insulin?

Vials of InsulinYour pancreas is responsible for the production of the hormone, insulin. It is the main substance which helps the glucose from sugars to enter your body’s cells.

In Type 1 Diabetes, your body can no longer make insulin, which is why it is needed from another source. In Type 2 Diabetes, the pancreas can still manufacture it, but in smaller amounts than needed. This is why the body has trouble processing glucose.

Diabetes also affects several facets of your skin. Individuals who are diabetic tend to have the epidermis or outer layer of the skin become xerotic (xerosis of the skin), or show signs of extremely dry skin.

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What are the types of insulin?

There are presently two different types; animal and human. Animal comes from the pancreas of deceased pigs. Human is manufactured by synthetic processes within a lab setting.

Bacteria and yeast are fetrtilized with a genetic code for this human hormone, which in turn yields the end product.

Human insulin is more prevalent than animal, simply due to the allergic reactions some tend to have towards the animal type.

What are the three types of insulin actions?

There are three different types of actions that it has on the human body, each pertaining to a distinct function of the release of the hormone.

Onset refers to the length of time it takes to start working. This time can vary per individual from 15 minutes to 10 hours. Peak is a term used to identify when it’s at the prime therapeutic level. This can range from 30 minutes to 12 hours per individual. Duration is the time interval that it continues to work. This can range from hour hours to one day.

How is it’s strength calculated?

Most insulin comes in liquid form, unless you are Type 2 Diabetic, and take oral medication. It is also available in different strengths or units. The average person takes 100 units of insulin per milliliter of fluid. If you are a person that injects insulin, it is imperative that the syringe you use matches the strength of the insulin.

How is insulin stored?

It should be stored in the refrigerator. It should not be stored in the freezer or in any warmed environment (the sun, room temperature, etc), because the warmth will destroy the compound before use. Always check the expiration date before opening to make sure it has no expired.

Clear insulin should show no color or particles within the solution. NPH, Lente, or Ultralente insulin should be cloudy, but have no particles or crystals within the solution. Any insulin which does not appear correct needs to be returned to the pharmacy.

This article gave an overview of this human hormone. It’s important to note that a healthy diet and weight control play an important role in your overall health and skin. By becoming proactive and watching for the warning signs of the human body, you can maintain a youthful look to your skin.

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