What is Type 1 Diabetes?

type-1-diabetes genetics photoType I Diabetes and what causes it are still somewhat of a mystery. We do know that the human body either stops making insulin or manufactures only a very small amount. When this takes place, glucose has no way of being broken down in your cells.

Why do your cells need glucose?

Glucose and energy are inter-related. Our cells require glucose to create the energy that we use to get through a regular day.

Without the ability to be broken down in cells, glucose can accumulate in the blood. This is bad news. Here are several things that can be affected.

  • Eyes
  • Nerve tissue
  • Kidneys and renal function
  • Your heart
  • Blood vessels

What causes Type 1 Diabetes?

While this type of diabetes generally occurs in people under 30 years of age, it can happen at any age. Hereditary roles play great significance in this disease because people inherit the genes for Type I Diabetes. Another suspected cause is an unusually high auto-antibody level in the blood before primary diagnosis.

What are antibodies?

They are proteins whose sole purpose is to protect the human body by destroying bacteria, viruses, and foreign tissue. If this is the definition of an antibody, what is an auto-antibody? In simple terms, they are antibodies which have gone against your own native tissues. They attack your own cells like they attack those of bacteria. With people that have auto-antibodies, insulin is the target.

What are some of the signs of Type 1 Diabetes?

  • Urinary frequency
  • Hunger
  • Thirst
  • Weight-loss
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Mood swings
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Type 1 Diabetes Treatment

As previously mentioned, there is no cure for Type I Diabetes, but there are several precautionary stps you can include in your daily routing. These include:

  1. Take insulin to replenish that which has not been produced.
  2. Create a healthy diet routine that you can follow.
  3. Keep physically fit. This enables your cells to take in more glucose.
  4. Check your blood glucose and urine ketone levels.
  5. Regular check-ups with your endocrinologist.

Why is diet important in controlling Type 1 Diabetes?

Quite simply, a proper diet could enable an individual with Type 1 Diabetes to reduce their dependence on insulin. Studies have shown that vegetarians have significantly lost weight and improved their glucose control. There are all factors relating to insulin dependence.

Proper vegetarian diets would include a balanced diet of plant foots such as fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes (beans, peas, and lentils), plus some nuts and seeds. The major advantage of plant foods is the lack of cholesterol, low fat, and calories. Plus, all are high in fiber, vitamins, and minerals.

Other advantages of the vegetarian diet include lower cholesterol, less high blood pressure, and lower weight standards. Additionally, studies have shown vegetarians are less likely to get heart diease, vascular damage, color or lung cancer, or osteoporosis.

Type I Diabetes and Skin Conditions

Just like any other problem, Type I Diabetes can have a ripple effect to other organs of the human body. In this case, it can cause bacterial, and fungal infections, usually of the proximal extremities. With this comes a severely decreased ability for the body to heal itself in these areas.

There are three bacterial infections that people get which include sties, boils, and carbuncles. These are caused by staphylococcal infections.

Four fungal infections affection people with diabetes include jock itch, athlete’s foot, ringworm, and vaginal infections.



Type I Diabetes