What is the Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?

diabetesWe’ve all heard a lot about Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes, but do you know the difference? Type 2 Diabetes is characterized by three distinct traits:

  1. The human body will not produce enough insulin
  2. The human body has trouble processing the insulin
  3. People with Type 2 Diabetes can either self administer injections or take oral medication.
  4. In Type 1 Diabetes, the human body becomes incapable of producing insulin or makes it in small amounts.

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What is insulin?

Insulin is a hormone which facilitates the movement of glucose inside each human cell. Energy is created from your cells once they have glucose via the Kreb’s Cycle.

The pancreas, which is an organ of the human body, lies behind the stomach and creates insulin.

In Type 1 Diabetes, the pancreas cannot produce any insulin, or if it does, it is insignificant. The pancrease will produce insulin in Type 2 Diabetes, but does not make it in the necessary quanitites needed. Thus, the balance needs to be supplemented by either injection or pills.

When your glucose stays in the blood, problems can develope with several systems of the body including:

  • The Skin
  • The Eyes
  • The Kidneys
  • Nerve Tissue
  • The Cardiovascular System

Are you aware that Type 2 Diabetes generally affects people over 40?

What are the signs of Type 2 Diabetes?

This type of diabetes has the same signs as Type 1 Diabetes with the exception of the following:

  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Blurred vision
  • Numbness and tingling in the extremities
  • Infection of the skin, gums, bladder, or vagina that will not heal.

What causes Type 2 Diabetes?

Similar to Type 1 Diabetes, we do not know what causes the imbalance. We do know that it comes from a lifetime of poor eating habits, high in sugars and fats. Experts have postulated that it is hereditary, however, some trigger is needed to cause that actual glucose/insulin imbalance that is seen in the disease. Note: it is not contagious.

The most common trigger would be the incidence of obesity and weight issues. This condition causes insulin resistance, a state where your body creates the adequate amound of insulin to process glucose, but the body refuses to respond to the insulin.

Be sure to refer to our articles on Type 1 Diabetes.

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