What is Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome?

Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHNS) is a very serious condition.

Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndromeThis condition combines high blood glucose (hyperglycemia) and severe dehydration.

It’s usually caused by a traumatic event like an illness or heart condition. People with Type II Diabetes Mellitus can also develop hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome.

What causes hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome?

With HHNS, the blood glucose levels rise to dangerous levels. The human body then attempts to pass off the excess glucose through excretion in the body’s urine. The problem arises when your urine becomes thicker than usual. As your body attempts to thin the urine by drawing fluids from other areas of the body, you become severely dehydrated.

Should HHNS continue, severe dehydration can lead to other serious medical conditions including coma and death.

What are the warning signs and symptoms of HHNS?

  1. Blood glucose level over 600mg/dl
  2. Very dry and parched mouth
  3. Extreme thirst
  4. Lack of sweat for warm and dry skin
  5. High fever
  6. Confusion
  7. Sleepiness
  8. Vision loss
  9. Hallucinations
  10. Weakness on one side of the body

How to prevent hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome.

The most efficient way to avoid HHNS is to check your blood glucose levels regularly. This includes using insulin or diabetic medication when indicated, and also hydrating properly.

Be sure to check out our other articles on diabetes.

 

 

 

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