Hyperglycemia is the term used to denote high blood sugar levels in your body. Likewise, hypoglycemia is the term used to depict too little levels of sugar in the blood. Glucose is classified as a sugar, which is transported via the blood to your cells. These cells require glucose to create energy, and insulin facilitates moving glucose into your cells.
What are the causes of high blood sugar?
- Eating too much.
- Eating too many carbohydrates.
- Low insulin levels.
- Not taking diabetic medication.
- Stress and/or trauma.
- Lack of exercise and activity.
High blood sugar is harder to sense than low blood sugar.
What are the signs of high blood sugar?
- Blurred vision
- Frequent urination
- Dry, itchy skin
- Fruity smell on your breath
While these are some signs that can identify high blood sugar, the best was is to actually perform consistent monitoring if you suspect a problem.
Treating High Blood Sugar
- Use some regular (short-acting) insulin.
- Try some exercises, activities, or walking to keep busy.
- Eat small snacks.
- Check your blood sugar levels after one to two hours.
- Check for diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic state.
Low blood sugar can occur if you take insulin or oral diabetic medication. People with low blood glucose have a tendency to passout or enter altered mental states. Low blood glucose has been known to cause seizures, comas, and in severe cases, terminal health conditions.
What are the causes of low blood sugar?
- Eating too little.
- Eating too few carbohydrates.
- Delayed meals or snacks.
- Skipped meals or snacks.
- Exercising without proper nutrition.
- Too much insulin and not enough nutrition.
- Too much diabetic medication.
- Consuming alcohol on an empty stomach.
What are the symptoms of low blood sugar?
- Clammy skin
- Impatient manner
- Pale skin
- Stubborn nature
- Tense feeling
- Blurred vision
- Dry mouth
Treating Low Blood Sugar
- Check your blood glucose with a meter.
- Eat or drink something with 15 grams of carbohydrates.
- Wait 15 minutes and check again.
- Eat small snacks if your meal is more than one hour away.
Foods to treat low blood sugar:
- Fruit juice
- Regular soft drinks
- Fat free milk
- Graham crackers
- Granulated sugar
- Saltine crackers
- Sugar cubes
- Honey or syrup