What is Neurodermatitis?
Neurodermatitis, also referred to as lichen simplex chronicus, is a condition where the nerve endings of the skin become so irritated that excessive scratching and itching occurs. Insect bites and emotional stress are the two most prevalent causes of the lichen simplex.
What people are more prone to contracting neurodermatitis?
This form of eczema is normally found the middle age people, between ages 30 to 50. Females are more prone to lichen simplex chronicus than males. It has also been found to be associated with other medical conditions, which include:
- Allergic contact dermatitis or irritant contact dermatitis
- Individuals with atopic problems like atopic dermatitis, asthma or hay fever
- People who have psoriasis, allergic contact dermatitis, or irritant contact dermatitis
Neuro dermatitis causes
Scientists have yet to find the exact cause of this problem, however, there are a number of trigger points that have been associated with the lichen simplex chronicus condition, this includes:
- Clothing worn tightly and made of synthetic fabric or wool
- Dry skin
- These triggers are less frequesnt but could result in a neurodermatitis attack:
- Exhaust from traffic (long-term exposure)
- Exposure to allergens and skin irritants (i.e.hair sprays or dyes)
- Heat exposure
- Insect bites
- Prolonged periods of intense stress or emotional trauma
- Lack of adequate blood flow or poor circulation
- Keloid scars
Signs and Symptoms of Neurodermatitis
- Intensely itchy skin that is usually itchiest when the person is resting or relaxing.
- Once the skin is scratched, a vicious itch-scratch-itch cycle develops. The more the skin is scratched, rubbed, or even touched, the more it itches. The itch can become so intense that it disrupts sleep.
- Develops on any area of the body the person can scratch or rub. Most commonly appears on the lower legs, ankles, back and sides of the neck, wrists, forearms, and genitals.
- Constant itch causes nervous tension (anxiety) in some patients.
- Often develops on skin previously affected by an outbreak of atopic dermatitis or contact dermatitis (two common types of eczema) or psoriasis.
How Is Neurodermatitis Diagnosed?
If you suspect any type of skin problem or skin disorder, consult your doctor, skin specialist or dermatologist immediately. Neurodermatitis can present itself with other common skin conditionsm like eczema and psoriasis.
1. These are the common procedures utilized in the diagnosis of neurodermatitis:
2. Visually examining the skin.
3. Performing a skin biopsy and removing or sectioning the problem area of skin to be microscopically evaluated.
4. Utilizing a patch test will confirm the presence of an allergic reaction.
Because this condition is accompanied by excessive itching and scratching, the objective of treatment is to eliminate this reaction. The following are know treatments that have been prescribed by a physician:
1. Topical corticosteroid to reduce inflammation and alleviate the itch.
2. Topical antibiotics can fight infection in the event a breakage of the skin has occurred from the scatching.
3. Oral antibiotic are a more powerful medication to eliminate any secondary infection.
4. Topical keratolytic is preparation containing urea, salicylic acid, or lactic acid that can help in the reduction of thick skin.
In severe cases, doctors have prescribed a sedative or tranquillizer. This is used in cases of severe anxiety to induce sleep.